Collaborative Literary Creation and Control

A Socio-Historic, Technological and Legal Analysis

Edited by

Chair. James Miller

James Wald

Stephen J. Harris

David Bollier

Benjamin Mako Hill

Hampshire College

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
What is Collaborative Writing?
Why is Collaboration Important?
The Idea of Control / The Control of Ideas
Control as Conceptions of Authorship
Control as the Technology of Writing
Control as Copyright
Collaborative Literary Creation and Control
2. A Meta-History of Collaborative Literature and Control
Brief History of Authorship
Brief History of Printing Technology
Brief History of Copyright
Early Models of Collaboration Before the Eighteenth Century
Imperial Chinese Literature
The Talmud
The King James Version of the English Bible
Conclusions about Pre-Copyright Authorship and Collaboration
Collaboration During the Birth and Early Life of Copyright
John Keats
Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth
During the Shift Conclusion
Contemporary Collaboration and Control
Collaboration between T.S. Eliot and Ezra Pound on Eliot's The Wasteland
The short stories of Raymond Carver and his editor Gordon Lish
Contemporary Industry Collaboration
3. Evaluating Collaborative Literary Technologies
Defining Collaboration
The Product
Access Control: Hierarchical vs Peer
Decision Making Roles
Synchronous and Asynchronous Collaboration
Tracking Changes and Version Control
Intra-Project Communication
Face-to-Face Meetings
Application and Case Studies
The WikiWikiWeb
Modern Word Processors: Microsoft Word and
4. Copyright and Collaborative Literary Production
Contextualizing Copyright
Twenty-first Century Copyright
Problems with Copyright in the Context of Collaboration
Copyright is Unreflective of Collaborative Writing's Effectiveness
Copyright is Unreflective of Collaborative Writing's Persistence
Copyright Limits Writers' Freedom to Express Themselves Collaboratively
Alternatives and Answers
Joint Authorship
The Works Made for Hire Doctrine
Limit the Terms and Reach of Copyright
Free Licensing
The Future of Ideas
A. Software (,) Politics and Indymedia
Introduction and History
Learning to Look at IMC Software
Active's Template and Points of Convergence
Active's Spin-Offs and Points of Divergence
Case Studies
Other Indymedia Software
List of Figures
3-1. Xanadu: link source
3-2. Xanadu: link target
3-3. Xanadu: "Select Link Type" menu
3-4. Xanadu: comparison of documents
3-5. Wiki: example page (PHPWiki)
3-6. Wiki: links (PHPWiki)
3-7. Wiki: "edit" page (PHPWiki)
3-8. Wiki: PHPWiki's summary of text formatting rules
3-9. Wiki: "Recent Edits" page (PHPWiki)
3-10. Wiki: "Show Difference" page (PHPWiki)
3-11. Word Processors: basic view (
3-12. Word Processors: show changes mode (
3-13. Word Processors: accept/reject changes - Picture 1 (
3-14. Word Processors: accept/reject changes - Picture 2 (